1. Communicative Competence. Analysis Of Its Components
2. LINGUISTIC APPROACH: CHOMSKY
3. SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACH: HYMES
4. THEORETICAL APPROACH: CANALE & SWAIN
6. EXPLOITATION OF THE TOPIC IN THE CLASSROOM.
7. LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Since its introduction by Dell Hymes in the 1970s, the notion of communicative competence has enjoyed popularity among teachers, researchers and other scholars interested in language. In the field of Second Language Teaching, this general interest in language for communication purposes has been considered as a promising departure to abandon the narrower and still popular focus on language as mere grammatical study. …ver más…
(This is equivalent to Chomsky’s linguistic competence)
. Lexical competence: ability to recognise and use words in a language in the way that speakers of the language use them.
. Discourse competence: ability to understand and construct monologues or written texts of different genres.
. Pragmatic aspects
The pragmatic aspects of communicative competence are those that have to do with how language is used in communication situations to achieve the speaker’ s purposes. Pragmatic aspects include:
. Functional competence: ability to accomplish communication purposes in a language (greeting, saying goodbye, asking for permission…)
. Sociolinguistic competence: ability to interpret the social meaning of the choice of linguistic varieties and to use language with the appropriate social meaning for the communication situation.
. Interactional competence: ability to know and use the rules for interaction in various communication situations within a given speech community and culture. It includes knowing how to initiate and manage conversations and negotiate meaning with other people, knowing the appropriate body language, eye contact, etc.
. Cultural competence: ability to understand behaviour from the standpoint of the members of a culture and how to behave in a way that would be understood by the members of the culture in the intended way. It involves understanding