La Revolucion Industrial(En Ingles)

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THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

PRETASK VOCAB. ALPHABET SOUP

COKE DEMAND DIVISION OF LABOUR EFICIENT ENCLOSURE FACTORY FORCE FOUNDRY FUEL IDEOLOGY INVEST IRON MEASURE METALLURGICAL PROFITABLE RAILWAY RAW MATERIAL SPINNING SPREAD STEAM STELL WEAVING WORK WORKING CLASS

1. The economic and social transformation o Europe
Between 1750 and 1870, two
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c. Industrialisation in Europe

During the 19th century, the Industrial Revolution spread from Great Britain to Germany, Belgium and France. This expansion took place because these countries had abundant reserves of iron and coal, growing populations and well-developed railway networks.
Industrialisation took place later and more slowly in Spain due to the following factors: * Spanish coal deposits were generally of poor quality. * Spain was less technologically advanced. * Great Britain and France invested in the Spanish railways and the mining industry, but these investments did little to promote more general industrial development in Spain.

In the 19th century, two types of industry became more important in Spain: the cotton industry in Cataluña and the metallurgical industry in Asturias and Vizcaya.

El ferrocarril en la España del S. XIX
¿Cuándo y qué líneas ferroviarias fueron las primeras en nuestro país?

3. Economic liberalism and industrial capitalism
The 18th century was marked by two phenomena that contributed to the Industrial Revolution: economic liberalism and industrial capitalism.
Economic liberalism is the theory that freedom of production and free trade are essential conditions for economic growth and development to take place. It was based on the ideas of Adam Smith. Smith believed that the state should not interfere with economic activity. *

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