Segunda Guerra Mundial (Resumen En Ingles)
It was such a catastrophic conflict that was underway by 1939 and ended in 1945. It involved most of the world's nations including all of the great powers eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilised. In a state of "total war” the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. There were such significant events involving the mass death of civilians, including the Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it is the deadliest conflict in human …ver más…
Was the ideology and practice of the Nazi Party. Nazism advocated the supremacy of the claimed Aryan master race over all other races.
To maintain the purity and strength of the Aryan race, the Nazis sought to exterminate or impose exclusionary segregation upon "degenerate" and "asocial" groups that included:Jews, homosexuals, blacks, the physically and mentally disabled, Jehovah's Witnesses and political opponents.
LEGACY:The actions of Hitler, and Hitler's ideology, Nazism, are almost universally regarded as gravely immoral. Historians, philosophers, and politicians have often applied the word "evil" to describe Hitler's ideology and its outcomes
GESTAPO (SECRET STATE POLICE)
Formed by career police officers and legal practitioners, their organization and functions were quickly established by Hermann Göring after Hitler came to power in January 1933.Rudolf Diels was the first head of the organization. The role of the Gestapo was to investigate and combat "all tendencies dangerous to the state." Had authority to investigate treason, espionage and sabotage, in addition to cases of criminal attacks to the Nazi Party and the State. The Gestapo was specifically excluded to be judged by administrative courts, where citizens normally could sue the state to fulfill the law. The power of the Gestapo…